The Kerala Calendar
As the Sun entered
the 14th degree of Taurus, Edava Pathi began in right earnest. When I woke
up at 0230 AM ( 28/05/2013), it was raining cats and dogs.
The rains must have continued for one hour. It was accompanied by lightning.
Let us hope that Global Warming has not triggered Climate Change to that
extent and we will be receiving full rains !
Unlike the Gregorian Calender, the Vedic Astro Calender gives the positions
of the celestial bodies. For instance, today is Edavam 15th and we know that
the Sun is in the 15th degree of Taurus. Today the Calender shows Thrikketta,
which means that the Moon is in the constellation of Thrikketta and is in
Scorpio. The Calender gives the Jnattuvelas and the Rohini Jnattuvela
started on the 25th. So we are in Edava Pathi, in the midst of Rohini
Jnattuvela. Rains will be sporadic but will accelerate asMakiryam,
Thiruvathira, Punartham and Pooyam Jnattuvelas take over.
Edava Pathi, the South West Monsoon
Monsoons are caused
by differential temperature between the land and the sea. The air on land
becomes hot due to the overhead Sun and rises. Then the cool winds from the
Ocean rush in to replace the hot air and it pours down as precipitation !
In June, Sun is almost at the Tropic of Cancer and northen part of
the Indian subcontinent becomes very hot. During summer, the northern and
central side of India and the Thar desert heat up considerably, causing a
low pressure area over central and northern Indian subcontinent. The Indian
Ocean sends moisture laden winds, to fill this void. These moisture rich
winds move towards mighty Himalayas, creating wind blowing storm clouds
towards the subcontinent. Himalayas block these winds from entering Central
Asia, thus propelling them to rise. The clouds gain immense altitude,
temperature drops sharply and thus precipitation occurs !
Thula Varsham, the North East Monsoon
In Dec, Sun is almost at the Tropic of Capricorn ( 23 degrees 27
minutes south of the Equator ) and the Indian Ocean becomes hot and the
northern land mass of India becomes cool. Hence winds rush from the cold
North to the South . The cold winds blow from the northen subcontinent,
sweeping down on the Himalayas and the Indo- Gangetic plains, towards the
comparitively hot Indian Ocean. This is known as the North East Monsoon or
rather the Retreating Monsoon and this causes Thula Varsham, the rains
caused by the Sunís ingress into sidereal Libra. These cold winds from the
North pick up some moisture from the Bay of Bengal and rains hit Sri Lanka
& India. Madras receives rains and 60% of the rains received by Tamil
Nadu is from this monsoon.
The Malabar Coast of 825 kms, stretching from Bombay in the North to
Cape Comorin in the South, gets maximum annual rainfall. The three
types of rainfalls, Kala Varsha, Tula Varsha and Venal Varsha
grace this costal belt of Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka and Kerala.
The eastern parts of the Western Ghats do not get the SW Monsoon and
hence places like Madras do not get its blessings. Madras gets the North
East Monsoon in Oct-Nov, after Karkyadi ( when the Sun enters the first
degree of Cancer ), when the Sun retreats South (Dakshinayana ), when the
northern side of the Indian subcontinent becomes cool and the cool winds
precipitate the North East Monsoon.
Physiologists like Dr Walter Cannon ( The Wisdom of the Body ) talked about
self regulating mechanisms or homeostatic control systems in the body
physiologic. Arent these monsoons the homeostatic or self regulating control
systems of Divine Nature ?
The Western Calender is based on the Tropical Zodiac ( from the First degree
of Aries to the 360th degree of Pisces ) and we find that the Vernal
Equinoctial Point recedes one degree every 72 years. ( This is the astro
phenomenon of the Precession of the Equinoxes ) Hence in the Tropical
Zodiac, the First Point of Aries moves ! The Vedic Calender is based on the
Sidereal Zodiac and is counted from the First Degree of Beta Aries ( Aswini
) to the 360th degree of Zeta Piscium ( Revathi ).
As the First Point of Aries moves in the Tropical Zodiac, some adjustments
should be done in the Western Calender. Pope Gregory modified the Julian
Calender by 12 days and the present Calender came to be known after him -
the Gregorian Calender. Seasons were changing and Western astronomers were
worried. So Pope Gregory added 12 more days to the Julian Calender ! Like,
today is Oct 2nd and tomorrow is Oct 14th !
The Vedic Calender, as it is based on the constellations of the fixed stars
or rather the Sidereal Zodiac, is static and does not change. All Indian
Astrology is Sidereal.
So we find that, to the man of Wisdom, the Gregorian Calender is of no use.
The Vedic gives all astro information and is informative indeed !
The Vedic Calender was proved right again as it rained for 90 minutes here
in Trichur, from 0300 AM onwards ( 31/05/2012). When I woke up at 3, it was
raining cats and dogs of all descriptions.
Even though Global Warming had triggered Climate Change, we can expect 100%
of the rains. Even though rains are less, the V C says we will get rains and
that sporadic rains will continue till November !
The Vedic Calender gives the dates of the solar months from Mesha ( Aries )
to Meena ( Pisces ). It also gives the lunations from the First Lunation (
Prathama ) to the Last Lunation ( Amavasya ). It also gives the dates for
the Hindu lunar months.